The prefecture of Pella is one of the 13 prefectures of Macedonia. It is situated in the northwestern part of Central Macedonia, bordering to the north with Yugoslavia, to the east with the prefectures of Kilkis and Thessalonica, to the south with the prefectures of Imathia and Kozani, and to the west with the prefecture of Florina.
Seat of the prefecture: Edessa
Prefecture population: 145.797 (2001 census)
Distance of the prefecture seat from Athens: 560 km
The main areas of the prefecture are: Edessa, Kaimaktsalan, Aridea, Loutra Pozar, Yannitsa, Agios Athanassios, Arnissa.
The prefecture owes its name to the ancient town of Pella, a powerful financial and administrative centre and capital of the Macedonian Kingdom after the 4th century B.C.
The prefecture has mainly a plain terrain. Its main plains are the ones of Aridea and Yannitsa. In the northern part, the mountain range of Voras a.k.a. Kaimaktsalan surrounds the low level plain of Aridea, while the mountain Paiko stretches to the south separating the Aridea plain from the valley of the river Axios.
The economy of the prefecture of Pella is mainly based on agriculture thanks to the various reclamation works and the large area of the plains. Main agricultural products are: various types of fruit, tobacco, corn, sugar beets, beans, rice, cotton, sesame, potatoes and animal feeding stuff products.
The area lends itself especially for winter holidays. The visitor can explore the picturesque mountain villages, visit the historical monuments and the archaeological sites and admire the natural points of interest in the prefecture.
Pella used to be the capital of the Macedonian state from the end of the 5th until the 4th century B.C., when the state flourished. In our days, there is considerable cultural activity in the city. Here, also, can be found ruins of the ancient town, Macedonian graves and, in the archaeological museum one can see interesting exhibits of sculptures of the classic and Hellenistic eras, magnificent mosaic floors, pottery, figurines and jewellery.
The city of Edessa, seat of the prefecture, is one of the most beautiful cities of Macedonia, presenting a great historical and archaeological interest. The location of the city is ideal, as it is built on the foothills of Vermion Mountain with an excellent view to the plain until the Thermaikos Gulf. The picturesque character of the city is a result not only of the excellent view, but, also, of its gardens and flowers, the abundant waters flowing in the city itself, in the deep shaded ravines and its waterfalls.
You should not omit to visit the waterfalls, in the northeastern side of the city. At night, the waterfalls are nicely lighted, offering an excellent spectacle. Below the largest of the waterfalls, the one called Karanos, there is a tourist centre, a little cave with stalactites and stalagmites, as well as the little church of Analipsis (Ascension).
In the centre of the city stands the imposing tower of the clock, while in the city outskirts you can enjoy pleasant walks in the poplar tree grove. In the location called Kioupri, there is a stone-built arched Byzantine bridge, where it is said the famous road of the antiquity, Via Egnatia, was crossing.
You can explore the picturesque district of Varosi, with buildings of traditional architecture and visit the Folk Museum and the outdoors Water Museum.
In Skydra there are remnants of a prehistoric village, while in the area of Agra there is the monument of Tellos Agras, a fighter of the Macedonian Struggle.
In the points of natural beauty of the prefecture are included the Agra wetland habitat with exceptional ecological interest due to its amazing flora and fauna, the lake Vegoritida, one of the largest and most beautiful lakes in Greece, also appropriate for swimming and water sports, the medicinal springs of Loutraki, known for their therapeutic properties, and the verdant Mavro Dasos (= Black forest), one of the most beautiful in Greece.
The area is strewn with many churches and monasteries with exquisite murals and holy paintings. You should visit the Byzantine churches of Kimissi Theotokou (Annunciation of Virgin Mary) in Edessa and Agios Georgios (St. George) in Kato Grammatiko, as well as the monasteries of Agia Triada (Holy Trinity) and of Archangelos Mikhail (Archangel Michael).
On the slopes of mountain Voras, at an altitude of 2480 m, on the majestic Kaimaktsalan, operates one of the best ski centres in Greece. There, the winter sports fans can enjoy the magnificent view and experience adrenaline heightening moments.
You should also visit the picturesque mountain village of Agios Athanassios, close to the ski centre, which is far enough from the large metropolitan regions of the area to retain its tranquillity and the traditional style. It is built at an altitude of 1200 m. among beech-tree forests on the foothills of the mountain Voras-Kaimaktsalan (2524 m) and the Piperitsa peak (1998 m). The village, also known as "Petrino Chorio" (stone village), is considered of unique Macedonian architecture, with main building materials the stone and the wood, characteristic in the area.
The prefecture of Pella, with its remarkable archaeological sites, the historical treasures, the unique spots of natural beauty, as well as the options it offers for alternative forms of tourism, exercise and recreation, will surprise you pleasantly and it will surely enchant you.
How you can get here:
By bus: There is frequent daily bus service with KTEL busses to and from Athens and Thessalonica.
By car: You can get to Pella by car via the Athens-Thessalonica National Road.
The distance from Athens is 555 km.
The distance from Thessalonica is 94 km.
The distance from Patras is 462 km.
The distance from Ioannina is 339 km.
By train: There is frequent daily train service to and from Athens and Thessalonica.
USEFUL TELEPHONE NUMBERS
(Calling code for Greece 0030)
Municipality of Edessa23810 22966 Edessa Hospital 23810 27441 Edessa Police Dept. 23810 23333 Edessa Traffic Police 23810 28888 Edessa Fire Brigade 23810 22044 Tourist Information Office 23810 20300 Edessa Railway Station (OSE) 23810 23581 Athens Railway Station (OSE) 210 8237741
Thessalonica Train Station (OSE) 2310 517517 Edessa Bus Depot (KTEL) 2310 23511 Athens Bus Depot (KTEL) 210 5152548 Thessalonica Bus Depot (KTEL) 2310 525100 Radio Taxi 23810 23392, 22904 Archaeological Collection of Edessa 23810 25125 Municipality Museum of Edessa23810 28787 Kaimaktsalan Ski Centre 23810 32000
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